ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) is probably the most widely used biochemical method in laboratory analysis and diagnostics. Analytes such as peptides, proteins, antibodies and hormones can be detected selectively in low concentrations among a multitude of other substances and be quantified. Additionally, ELISAs are rapid, sensitive, cost-effective and can be performed in a high-throughput manner. ELISA is used in a variety of different assay types (e.g. direct ELISA, indirect ELISA, sandwich ELISA, competitive ELISA). Nevertheless, all ELISA variants are based on the same principle the binding of one assay component – antigen or specific antibody – to a solid surface and the selective interaction between both assay components. Molecules not specifically interacting with the assay component bound to the solid surface are washed away during the assay. For detection of the interaction the antibody or antigen is labelled or linked to an enzyme (direct ELISA). Alternatively, a secondary antibody conjugate can be used (indirect ELISA). The assay is processed by adding an enzymatic substrate to produce a measurable signal (colorimetric, fluorescent or luminescent). The strength of the signal indicates the quantity of analytes in the sample.